Understanding Treatments for Retinal Vein Occlusion

Understanding Treatments for Retinal Vein Occlusion

While there is no cure for a retinal vein occlusion, several treatments can help manage complications related to a retinal vein occlusion.

Eye injections

  • Swelling of the macula (macular edema) is the most common cause of vision loss in patients with retinal vein occlusion.
  • Eye injections are used to treat the swelling in the macula.
  • The primary eye injection medication used is an antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).
    • Anti-VEGF eye injections block a protein that promotes abnormal blood vessel growth and fluid leakage. It can improve swelling and bleeding in the eye, and in many patients stabilize and improve vision.
    • There are several FDA approved medications that work by blocking this molecule (VEGF) in the eye.
  • Another option for treating the swelling in the center vision is a steroid eye injection. The steroid eye injections are typically considered second line as they have a risk of causing cataract progression and glaucoma.

Laser treatment

  • Retina laser is used sometimes in patients with advanced retinal vein occlusion that has resulted in abnormal retinal vessels growing from the retina into the eye.
  • The laser treats the peripheral retina, reducing the risk of bleeding in the eye and retinal detachments secondary to these abnormal blood vessels.

Eye surgery “vitrectomy”

  • In patients with bleeding in the eye that does not clear, eye surgery may be necessary to remove the blood.

Control blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes

  • Follow up with your primary care doctor or internist to ensure your blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol are well controlled.
    • Maintaining healthy levels can prevent further damage to blood vessels.
  • Quitting smoking: This improves blood flow and overall vascular health.
  • Managing other medical conditions: Addressing any underlying conditions like sleep apnea or blood clotting disorders can be crucial.

Key Takeaways:

  • Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial in managing complications secondary to RVO and minimizing vision loss.
  • Consulting your ophthalmologist regularly while also addressing any potential risk factors proactively with your primary care doctor are key to maintaining good eye health.

The doctors at Retina Associates of Florida provide the latest diagnostic and treatments for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in their Tampa, Brandon and Lakeland offices.

The website/blog does not provide medical, professional, or licensed advice and are not a substitute for consultation with a health care professional.



Related Posts